Just about everyone is touched by depression in some way, by either suffering depression or knowing someone who suffers from depression. There different types of depression with different causes and, while they are no quick remedy for depression, it is curable through the right treatment options for depression.
Bipolar depression is present in some people and manifests itself in extreme highs and periods of extreme depression. It also offers a variety of symptoms not typically seen in other types of depression. Usually, bipolar depression is treated with medication to help the person get their bipolar life back in order.
Adjustment disorder, with depression, as the name implies usually accompanies a major life change, such as the loss of a loved one, or loss of a job. Usually, this type of depression is short-term and people suffering from it can benefit from cognitive therapy and supportive counseling.
Dysthymic Disorder is referred to for people, who have suffered depression for two years or more. While symptoms may not be severe enough to be considered severe depression, they are resistant to treatments. People suffering from Dysthymic Disorder often suffer a period of major depression through the period. Psychotherapy and medications are often used in their treatment. Unspecified depression is a term used by researchers attempting to find a cause and treatment for a person recently diagnosed as being depressed. Not wanting to typify a person into a depression classification, and typically used to describe people with moderate depression who have not been suffering long enough to be diagnosed with Dysthymic Disorder.
Major depression, the most serious type based on the number of people diagnosed with it and the symptoms and severity of their depression. While some suffering major depression experience numerous hospitalizations and exhibit suicidal tendencies, not everyone suffering from major depression has experienced these symptoms.
Initially, supportive counseling may be used to begin treatment, and in some cases, medication may be necessary to help the person through the depression. However, in most cases, significant life changes will be necessary to help them get through major depression. Unfortunately, many counselors fail to move beyond the supportive counseling stage and while the sessions may appear to help, without internal and external changes being made, the depression will never go away.
Some of the external changes that may need attention, which also could be a major cause of the depression, including stress management, time management, and problem-solving ability, which are needed to help maintain healthy relationships.
However, in trying to develop these functions, self-assessment and self-evaluation are also needed to the person understand that the external changes need to be made. The depressed person must also confirm what expectations they have for themselves and what changes need to be made to realize those expectations.
Psychotherapy and, in some cases, medication can help a person to accept the responsibility of making changes. Getting over depression is not like going to the doctor for medication for a cold. It generally requires a long period of time for the depression to go away.